What is a Computer Virus

Computer virus, in the era of modern technology, have become an increasingly prevalent threat to computer systems worldwide. They can cause significant damage, from corrupting files to stealing personal information and causing failures.

In this blog, our team will explore the world of computer viruses, including their history, types, and how they infect computers. Whether you are a business owner, IT professional, or casual computer user, this blog will provide valuable insights into computer viruses and how to safeguard against them.

Computer Virus Definition

A computer virus is a type of software that infects a computer and spreads from one computer to another, often without the user’s knowledge or consent. It is code or software designed to replicate itself and spread from one computer to another.

Computer viruses can cause various types of damage to a computer, including corrupting files, deleting data, and even causing hardware failures.

Computer Defragmentation

They can also steal personal information, such as passwords and credit card numbers, which can be used for fraudulent purposes. Viruses are created by hackers and cybercriminals who write malicious code to infect computers and steal data. They can be spread through various means, such as email attachments, infected software downloads, or even through a network connection.

Once a laptop or desktop computer is infected with a virus, it can be complicated to detect and remove. Viruses can hide in files or disguise themselves as legitimate programs, making it challenging for users to identify them. Overall, computer viruses are a significant threat to computer security and can cause considerable damage to a user’s data and personal information.

The First Computer Virus and How It Was Invented

The first computer virus, the “Creeper,” was invented in the early 1970s by a computer programmer named Bob Thomas. The Creeper was an experimental self-replicating program designed to infect mainframe computers running on the TENEX operating system. The program would display a message on the computer’s screen saying, “I’m the creeper, catch me if you can!”

The Creeper was not intended to cause harm but was created to demonstrate the potential vulnerabilities of computer systems. However, this was the beginning of a new era of computer viruses and malware that have become a serious threat to computer security.

What is a Computer Virus

Types of Computer Viruses

Boot Sector Virus Definition

A boot sector virus infects the sector of a computer’s hard drive. It can spread rapidly, infecting all the files on the computer’s hard drive and causing significant damage to the system.

Resident Virus Definition

Resident viruses are computer viruses that embed themselves in a computer’s memory and remain active even when the infected program is not running. They can be difficult to detect and remove because they can hide in memory and avoid detection by antivirus software.

Computer Worm Definition

Computer worms are self-replicating programs that spread from one computer to another through a network. Worms do not need to attach to an existing program to apply. Once a worm infects a computer, it can quickly spread to other devices on the same network, causing significant damage.

File Infectors Definition

A file infector virus is a type of virus that infects executable files on a computer system. This virus can spread through the infected files and infect other files on the system.

Macro Virus Definition

A macro virus is a kind that infects macro-enabled files, such as Word documents and Excel spreadsheets. This virus can spread through email attachments and other types of file sharing.

Polymorphic Virus Definition

A polymorphic virus is a type of virus that can change its code to avoid detection by antivirus software. This virus can spread rapidly and cause significant damage to computer systems.

Trojan Horse Definition

A Trojan horse is a type of virus that is disguised as a legitimate file. Once installed, the Trojan viruses can open a backdoor to the system, allowing hackers to access and steal data.

Ways of Virus Infection on a Computer

Email Attachments

Email attachments are a frequent way for viruses to infect computer systems. Hackers can send emails with infected attachments that, once opened, can infect the computer system.

File Sharing

File sharing is another way for viruses to infect computer systems. Infected files can be shared through peer-to-peer networks, causing the virus to spread rapidly.

Malicious Websites

Malicious websites can also infect computer systems with viruses. These websites can contain infected files or can exploit vulnerabilities in the system's software to install malware.

USB Drives

USB drives can also be a way for viruses to infect a computer. If an infected USB drive is plugged into a computer, the virus can spread to the system and infect the files.

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Computer Virus Protection Methods

There are several ways to protect computer systems against viruses. There are various malware protection methods, including:

Antivirus Software

Antivirus software is created to detect and remove viruses from computer systems. It can scan the computer’s files and email attachments for viruses and monitor the system for suspicious activity. Many different kinds of antivirus software are available.


A firewall is a network security tool that can prevent unauthorized access to a computer system. It monitors network traffic and blocks suspicious activity, which can help prevent viruses from infecting the system.

Keep Software Up to Date

Keeping software up to date is essential for computer security. Updates often contain security patches that protect against known vulnerabilities that viruses can exploit.

Use Strong Passwords

Using strong passwords can help prevent unauthorized access to a computer system. Passwords should be complex and consist of upper- and lowercase letters, numbers, and symbols.

How to Detect a Computer Virus

Detecting viruses on a computer can be challenging, as viruses can be designed to evade detection and hide in various locations on the system. However, there are several techniques for virus detection on the computer that can be used to identify and remove viruses from the system.

Scanning Software

One of the most common computer virus detection techniques is using scanning software, such as antivirus software. These programs can monitor the system for malicious software and identify known viruses. They can also detect and remove suspicious files or programs that may harm the system.

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Heuristic Scanning

Heuristic scanning is a type of scanning that uses a set of rules or algorithms to detect viruses that still need to be identified. This method can be useful in detecting new and emerging threats that may not be identified by traditional antivirus software.

Behavioural Analysis

Behavioral analysis is a technique that involves monitoring the behavior of programs and processes on the computer to detect suspicious activity. It can detect viruses hiding in the system and attempting to evade detection.

Signature-based Scanning

Signature-based scanning is a technique that involves identifying specific patterns or signatures of known viruses. This method can detect viruses and add them to a database of known threats.

Sandbox Analysis

Sandbox analysis involves running suspicious files or programs in a virtual environment to see how they behave. This technique can help detect viruses designed to evade detection by traditional scanning methods.

Network Monitoring

Network monitoring involves monitoring network traffic for any suspicious activity that may highlight the presence of a virus or malware. This technique can detect viruses attempting to spread through the network.

Manual Inspection

The manual inspection involves checking files and programs on the system for any suspicious behavior or activity. This technique can be time-consuming and less effective than automated scanning methods, but it can be useful in detecting new and emerging threats.

How to Get Rid of Virus on Computer with PITS Global

PITS Global Data Recovery Services is a data recovery company that specializes in helping clients recover their data from virus-infected computers. Our team of skilled recovery technicians is well-versed in dealing with all types of viruses and can efficiently retrieve valuable data for our clients.

A computer virus is notorious for causing multiple problems on a computer, ranging from corrupting files and deleting data. We understand the gravity of data loss and its impact on businesses and individuals. Therefore, we offer a wide range of services to help our clients recover their lost data and keep it safe.

24/7 Customer Support by PITS Global Data Recovery Services

If you’re facing a data loss situation, don’t hesitate to contact us. Our 24/7 data recovery services are available to you, 365 days a year. Let us help you recover your precious data today.

Risk Free Evaluation

We start the recovery process with a risk-free evaluation. Our technicians estimate reasons for data loss and the level of damage. Based on it, we select the most suitable recovery strategy.

100% Customer Satisfaction

With years in the data recovery industry, our company supports the highest customer satisfaction rate. We do everything to provide a positive experience for our clients.

Remote Customer File Verification Session by PITS Global Data Recovery Services

During our remote customer file verification session, you will thoroughly review all necessary documents and records to ensure accuracy and compliance.

50+ Locations in US

We offer data recovery services from over 50 locations across the US. This means that no matter where you are located, you can access our services to recover the data.

Certified Data Recovery Services

With our certified data recovery services and 99% success rate, we are confident that we can recover your precious data and get you back up and running in no time.

Our virus recovery services are designed to ensure that our clients’ computers are free from malware that may be causing data loss. We use the latest tools and methods to identify and remove viruses from the system, ensuring their computers are virus-free.

We understand that data loss can be a stressful experience, and our team is available 24/7 to support and answer any questions our clients may have about our data recovery services. At PITS, we prioritize the importance of our client’s data and work quickly and efficiently to ensure its recovery and safety.

Frequently Asked Questions

A computer virus is a type of malicious software (malware) that is designed to replicate itself and spread from one computer to another. It attaches itself to legitimate programs, files, or documents and can cause damage to the system, corrupt or delete data, or disrupt the normal functioning of a computer.

  • Email attachments: Opening infected email attachments can introduce a virus to the computer.
  • Downloading from untrusted sources: Downloading files or software from unverified or malicious websites can lead to virus infections.
  • Removable media: Inserting infected USB drives or other external storage devices can transfer viruses to a computer.
  • Software vulnerabilities: Exploiting security vulnerabilities in software programs can allow viruses to infiltrate a computer.
  • Drive-by downloads: Visiting compromised websites or clicking on malicious links can result in automatic virus downloads.
  • File infectors: These viruses attach themselves to executable files, spreadsheets, or documents.
  • Boot sector viruses: These infect the boot sector of a computer’s hard drive or other storage devices.
  • Macro viruses: These infect applications that use macros, such as Microsoft Office documents.
  • Polymorphic viruses: These viruses can change their code to avoid detection.
  • Worms: Worms are self-replicating viruses that spread through networks without needing a host file.
  • Trojan horses: Trojan horses disguise themselves as legitimate programs but have malicious intent.
  • Ransomware: Ransomware encrypts a user’s files and demands a ransom for their release.
  • Spyware: Spyware secretly collects user information and sends it to malicious parties.
  • Install reputable antivirus software and keep it up to date.
  • Regularly update your operating system, software, and applications to patch security vulnerabilities.
  • Exercise caution when opening email attachments or downloading files from the internet.
  • Use strong, unique passwords for your accounts and enable two-factor authentication whenever possible.
  • Enable firewalls on your computer and network to filter out potential threats.
  • Regularly back up your important data to an external storage device or cloud service.
  • Avoid visiting suspicious websites and clicking on unknown or untrusted links.
  • Disconnect from the internet to prevent the virus from spreading or communicating with its source.
  • Run a full system scan with your antivirus software to detect and remove the virus.
  • If the antivirus software cannot remove the virus, consider using specialized removal tools or seeking professional help.
  • Restore your computer from a clean backup, if available, to ensure the removal of the virus.
  • Update your passwords for online accounts to prevent unauthorized access.
  • Learn from the experience and reinforce your computer’s security measures to prevent future infections.

With proper antivirus software and security measures, viruses can be effectively detected, removed, and prevented. However, new viruses and malware are constantly being developed, so it is crucial to stay vigilant and maintain updated security practices.