A hard drive failure is an unplanned event, which can happen anywhere, anytime. Collapse is unpredictable, but it can not stay unnoticed if it happens. A variety of symptoms can accompany the device’s malfunction, but many computer users ignore warning indications such as unusual sounds, frequent error messages, slow performance, etc. 

Frequent Symptoms of Hard Drive Failure

Files Corruption and Inaccessibility

If you can not open the files, or your folders are disappearing, this is not a good sign. Data corruption is another sign of failure, and complete data loss is not rare in failure situations.

  • Scrambled File or Folder Name
  • Random Error Messages
  • Lost Access to the Files
  • Files Contain Corrupted Data
  • The Disappearance of Files and Folders

Often the reason for data corruption is a virus or just bad sectors accumulation.

Unusual Noises

If the hard drive has started emitting strange sounds, it usually spells trouble for your hard drive. Several failure noises come from the hard drive when it malfunctions. 

Hearing no sound from a hard drive is another bad sign that can not bring anything good. 

Frequent and Intermittent Boot Errors

If your laptop or desktop computer starts showing messages like “no bootable device found,” “hard drive not found,” or “boot device missing,” it usually indicates a failure. So, when you see these messages for a long time, do not try to use them to retrieve lost files stored on these devices.

However, one of the most common signs of hard drive failure is slow performance, which often results in complete data loss.

Reasons Behind Computer's Slow Performance

Head malfunction often results in a hard drive failure and, consequently, slow performance. The most tricky part of the device is the read/write head assembly, also known as actuator heads. When the laptop or desktop computer sends a request for a file, the actuator heads fly across the surface platters to locate the appropriate sectors that contain the file. For many reasons, after some time, sectors on the platters become inaccessible. 

If you’re wondering, “why is my computer so slow all of a sudden?” a failing hard drive could be one of the culprits. As the read/write head assembly begins to malfunction, it may struggle to locate the necessary sectors on the platters, leading to slower read and write speeds. This can cause files to take longer to open or save and programs to load more slowly than usual. If you suspect your hard drive may be failing, it’s important to back up your data as soon as possible and consider replacing the drive to improve your computer’s performance.

Hard Drive Recovery and Data Repair

The hard drive usually keeps a list of bad sectors to avoid writing data to those areas. When the hard drive is healthy and functionality is normal, it will not write the data on bad sectors. However, the actuator heads are exceptionally precise, and a slight collapse can prevent them from working accurately. 

When the actuator arm begins to fail, the heads will mark all sectors as “bad” since the drive cannot read the requested data from the area. 

However, the device can still get some data, and the computer may continue to function, but read/write speeds will suffer severely. Thus, the hard drive’s heads become less effective at accessing files. 

As a result, your computer’s performance will suffer. A slowdown will be seen when using particular files and programs. It is also common to see general performance issues with your computer.

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What to Do If Your Computer Slows Down

Understanding why the sudden slowdown is a potentially severe issue is essential. Hard drives contain many sensitive internal components, so you need to take appropriate steps after the device fails and the computer stops functioning normally.

Computers can slow down for many reasons, and sudden performance issues do not always indicate an upcoming hard drive failure. If your device acts abnormally after downloading and installing new programs, then back up essential files and revert the modifications that caused the problem. 

If your hard drive is operating so slowly that you cannot carry out regular actions in a proper amount of time, do not try to copy data from your storage drive. By using the failed device, you can cause severe damage and corrupt valuable data.

When a hard drive is physically damaged, you may notice sounds indicating your computer attempts to read data. Files might suddenly become inaccessible and disappear, and you might receive error messages. 

Process of Hard Drive Recovery

How to Fix a Slow Computer

A slow computer can hinder productivity and become a source of frustration. If your computer is running sluggishly, there are ways to fix it. Before delving into troubleshooting methods, it’s vital to understand that a lagging performance can be caused by a variety of issues, ranging from overloaded storage and fragmented data to outdated hardware and software. Therefore, a comprehensive approach is necessary to identify and resolve the root cause of the problem.

Perform a Disk Cleanup

Delete unnecessary files and programs, and clear your browser history and cache. This will free up space on your hard drive and help your computer run more efficiently.

Run a Virus Scan

Malicious software can cause your computer to slow down or even crash. Run a full system scan with your antivirus software to identify and remove viruses or malicious software.

Upgrade Your Hardware

Adding more RAM or a solid-state drive can help improve your computer’s speed and performance. Check your computer’s specifications to determine which upgrades are compatible with your system.

Disable Unnecessary Startup Programs

When you start your computer, certain programs may automatically launch in the background, slowing down your boot time. Disable any programs you don’t need to run at startup to speed up the process.

Keep Your Software Up-to-Date

Updating your operating system and software can help optimize performance and fix any bugs or security issues that could slow your computer down. Be sure to install the latest patches and updates regularly to ensure your system runs smoothly.

As soon as you detect any malfunction symptoms, power down the computer. There are many free online recovery tools and repair tutorials on the Internet, but they do not guarantee successful results. Moreover, installing unverified recovery programs on the failed device can put your drive at more risk, including virus attacks. Opening your device in unspecialized facilities is another thing you should not do with your failed drive. 

Contact a professional data recovery company instead of figuring out the problem yourself. PITS Global Data Recovery Services has thousands of successful hard disk and solid-state drive recovery cases. Our engineers work in specialized facilities using state-of-the-art tools, including Class 10 ISO Certified Cleanroom.

Contact us now to learn more about recovery options by calling our customer service line or filling out a request help form.

Frequently Asked Questions

A failing hard drive can significantly slow down your computer as it struggles to read or write data. You may experience delays in booting up, loading applications, and accessing files. The system may freeze or become unresponsive.

Common signs include frequent freezing or crashing, delayed file access, unusual clicking or grinding noises from the hard drive, recurring error messages, and an overall decline in system speed and responsiveness.

Yes, if detected early, a failing hard drive can often be replaced or repaired without losing data. It’s essential to back up your important files immediately and seek professional assistance to diagnose the issue and take appropriate action.

Conducting a diagnostic test on your hard drive can help determine if it’s the cause of the slowdown. Additionally, consulting a professional can provide a more accurate assessment and guide you on the best course of action.

Yes, it’s possible to recover data from a failing hard drive. Professional data recovery services, like those offered by our company, have the expertise and tools to salvage data from failing or damaged hard drives, even when the system is slow or unresponsive.